Men dressed as women, women as men, and there was much intermingling of social classes as the lower classes often could afford tickets to the public masquerades. Mardi Gras, originally a pagan celebration of Spring, also features masquerade. You can see some of them in the “Caribbean Category” of our archives. More expensive masks are made of steel taken from the side of oil barrels, same as the famous steel drums used by Haitian musicians. Either way, yours is a beautiful…, Q: I am a student studying my bachelor of Set and Costume Design at the Royal Central School of speech and drama, London. The celebration starts Wednesday with a wake where fulías (a native music style) are played, décimas (native form of…, Most Haitian masks are made of papier mache and painted. The ‘Coon’ is a relatively modern mask in the history of African masks; this is because it was brought to use at the time of emancipation of slaves in 1838. It generally refers to the practices of 11 brotherhoods in various regions, which include more than 5,000 people who are of African decent. Ancient History. Although the wearing of masks was long associated with the Venetian celebration of carnavale, 18th century artists' paintings show masquerade also was by then regularly used to conceal questionable behavior. The mask design originated in the 16th century from a French doctor, Charles de Lorme, who designed the mask to create distance between himself and victims of the plague who he treated. Renderings of Venetians in gambling houses show both men and women in white, face-shaped masks known as the Bauta and w… Like so many masks and costumes from the region, they are influenced by African artistic traditions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor! In this folkloric festival, devotion is given to the patron saint Saint Francis of Paola, to the Blessed Sacrament and to Jesus Christ. Similarities exist between the Italian Commedia dell' Arte and the Nigerian Yoruba masked comedy. Jul 2, 2012 - All about Caribbean Folklore & Traditions. Laura Leddy Turner - Updated May 17, 2019, Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article, Lagos Black Heritage Festival: The Black in The Mediterranean Blue, University of Michigan: General Commonalities in The Masquerade, Chronicles of Harriet: The Mahogany Masquerade: The Origin...And Beginning of Steamfunk Cosplay, Articles from the 1997 Festival of American Life Program Book: Ikeji Masquerade, Ofirima Masquerade, Venetians Mask Shop: A Short History of Venetian Carnival Masks, University of Michigan: The World Upside Down: 18th Century Masquerades: General Commonalities in The Masquerade, University of Michigan: The World Upside Down: 18th Century Masquerades: The Inter-mingling of The Classes at Masquerades, History.com: Mardi Gras: Origins of Mardi Gras, St. John Historical Society: Masquerade: Costumes of The Atlantic Rim, Yale University: The Mask: A West African Ceremonial Object. The music, dance, history, and vibrancy of West Indians are all evident during Carnival season. The mask of the vejigante is known as the Careta. It comes from the Yare people of Northern Venezuela, close to the Caribbean sea. This is largely a Catholic tradition. This, too--unlike at any other time during the year--was allowed. Q: Found this “mask” at a thrift shop for 99 cents. Males wear the mask, although it does depict a female. Atlantis … Made from either papier-mâché or coconut husks (although I've also seen plenty of masks made with gourd), it typically sports a fearsome assortment of horns, fangs, and beaks, and are often polka-dotted. Venice Carnival is a centuries old tradition and one of the world’s most famous carnivals. In the earliest days of Carnival, the Portuguese colonists brought over the tradition of dressing up in costumes for the beginning of Lent. I would like to make one for a play I am designing, and would it like to be as visually accurate as possible. Costumes had to make the wearer unidentifiable and conversations between attendees began with set phrases such as "I know you" and "Do you know me?" I have included a URL to it. The celebration was later incorporated into Christian Lenten traditions in Italy, Spain and France. By the eighteenth century the wearing of masks by Venetians continued for six months of the year as the original religious association and significance with carnevale diminished. v. John Canoe or Jonkonnu (pigeon English) has a very long tradition as a folk festival, incorporating both African and European forms. In these early days, Portuguese socialites would dress up in masks and costumes and then parade through town while the commoners watched. Masquerade first became popular in Venice, Italy and the practice of masquerade balls quickly spread throughout Europe and England in the 18th century. As you can see, Yare folk art is more like that from the Caribbean islands than anywhere else, i.e. This Junkanoo celebration is a distinctly Bahamian combination of colorful handmade masks, costumes, cow bells, horns, and rhythmic goat-skin drums pounding out a steady island beat. There is evidence that Venetians were practicing masquerade as far back as the 13th century, when documents mention masked men throwing scented eggs at ladies. Jankunu is a carnival-style masquerade parade that takes place in many Caribbean islands on Boxing Day, New Years Day and, in Grand Bahamas, the summer. Turner holds a B.A. The first people to have explored the Caribbean … Distinct African Heritage. Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi refers to a set of popular Venezuelan religious festivals held on Corpus Christi, celebrating the presence of Christ in the Eucharist. A tradition that dates back to the Spaniards, who brought it to the island in the 15th century, Carnaval Dominicano is the oldest carnival in the Caribbean region. In many cases, mask-making is an art that is passed on from father to son, along with the knowledge of the symbolic meanings conveyed by each masks. African culture has left an indelible stamp in Caribbean history. The Dancing Devils was recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2012. Immerse yourself into world-class art, exciting history, and mind-bending science. This essential characteristic of hiding and revealing personalities or moods is common to all masks. The word "masquerade" has its roots in the French word "mascarade" and the Italian word "maschera," but masquerades likely originated on the West African coast. Mask, a form of disguise or concealment usually worn over or in front of the face to hide the identity of a person and by its own features to establish another being. ... painted masks… To be incredibly specific it would be from Le Joya – by the river I believe, but to be able to find any imagery of masks from this area would be incredible. The doctor also wore a black hat, black cloak, white gloves, and carried a … Many stylistic influences overlap within Caribbean art, so its history often requires social and cultural references to contextualise its diversity. It is small and is tightly woven and beautifully put together. It is a mixture of folklore and religion. These vibrantly colored masks were carved to be sold as souvenirs but masks have been an integral of Guatemalan culture since pre-Colombian times when they were used for religious dance ceremonies. It was only in 1979 that the ancient tradition was restored, in … Apr 25, 2013 - Dominican Republic Masks shows carnival masks and the masks … Browse a wide selection of caribbean masks and face coverings available in various fabrics and configurations, made by a community of small business-owners. That is a Bahamian boy marching in a young peoples band. Within the African Diaspora, Haitian culture is known for its strong connection to Yoruba, Congo, and other Cross river cultures which, over centuries, combined with influences…. This one is a typical parade mask from the Devils of Yare. The Yoruba egungun festival, a distinct form of masquerade, honors a family's ancestral spirits. Could you make something like that for your kid! We have in our Caribbean Category a photo from Jamaica showing a different approach to Junkanoo. From an anthropological standpoint it certainly demonstrates the wonderful influence African culture had on modern Caribbean foik art. During the same period, African ceremonial masquerades spread to the Caribbean and southeastern United States, where it evolved into carnivals. Carnival, an annual celebration in the Caribbean islands involving masquerade performance, originated on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Any ideas? Masks of one form or another can be found in our three most powerful historical cultural times and areas, Egypt, Greece and Rome. On October 17th, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) Venice became part of the Austrian-held Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia when Napoleon signed the Treaty of Campo Formio. It may be a Latin American carnival mask. Dec 24, 2020 - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Caribbean? Facts about Caribbean Music If you are curious about the origin of Caribbean music, you need to learn more about the human trafficking patterns, slavery, the colonial immigration pattern as well as the melting pot of the people in Western hemisphere. The Ofirima masquerade, also originating from the Cross River State, features a lead dancer wearing a headpiece resembling a shark. The masks, costumes, and the indulgence of excesses during carnival times all have a religious root. Ritual and ceremonial masks are an essential feature of the traditional culture of the peoples of a part of Sub-Saharan Africa, e.g. Focus your collecting on something special. Most Yare masks are made of papier mache and lots of colorful paint. Learn more about our Mask of the World Book. Slaves made the plain white mask famous by covering their faces in white flour and taking part in the festivities. 5 out of 5 stars (1,636) 1,636 reviews. The African influence found in much of the Caribbean art is seen in brightly-coloured Haitian Carnival masks.In Haiti the pre Lenten Carnival is known by its French name, carnaval and includes masked balls and masked parade costumes. Historians say they believe the first "modern" Caribbean Carnival originated in Trinidad and Tobago in the late 18th century when a flood of French settlers brought the Fat Tuesday masquerade party tradition with them to the island, although Fat Tuesday celebrations were almost certainly taking place at least a century before that. These traditions and links to shamanism could possibly pre date all our knowledge of recorded history. The Carnival of Venice also became our own tradition during the seven years that we called Italy home, masquerading each year in La Serenissima with the locals and tourists alike. The land of the Caribbean is a rich, diverse and cultural place. This was no exc… Feathers and other natural objects were believed to lend certain spiritual strengths to … The forms as they evolved in the Caribbean are described by Kamau Brathwaite who stresses the spiritual roots, and Sylvia Wynter who provides the … The African style of masquerade is an outdoor event, performed by men, and sometimes limited to the attendance of men. The Vejigantes steal the show in Ponce, PR. From shop mousesecrets. There was a tradition of slave trade and colonialism created by the early Europeans in the Caribbean and the influences of it are transparent even today to travelers of the region. She has worked in the newspaper industry as an illustrator, columnist, staff writer and copy editor, including with Gannett and the Asbury Park Press. Masks also allowed slaves to participate in Carnival's celebrations anonymously. Today, in a popular Carnival parade in Einsiedeln, Switzerland, demon masks are worn and large bells clanged to drive out evil spirits and to announce the end of winter on the eve of Lent and spring. You can see this African influence in their music, dance, costumes and masks. Most Yare masks are made of papier mache and lots of colorful paint. The colorful feathers used to decorate masks in major carnival regions of Brazil, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago can be traced to some practices in Igbo, Yoruba, Fon, Ewe, Kongo, and Bantu traditions. I think it’s a mask, but have no idea of origins, or what it was used for. Pirates Of The Caribbean Face Mask, Dead Men Tell No Tales Face Mask, Captain Jack Sparrow Mask, Theme Park Face Mask, Disney Face Mask mousesecrets. They were brought here as slaves and are of African descent, as are almost all Caribbeans. See more ideas about caribbean, folklore, folk tales. Yours is one of the few that deserves being in a good collection… providing it is large enough to be worn. Barbados masqueraders appear in masked bands or as street revelers in the annual Crop Over festival. Discovering the Caribbean: Montserrat’s Masquerade Dance Caribbean history and culture is woven together with influences from countries across the globe but the region is often seen as detached from the rest of the world. There is evidence that Venetians were practicing masquerade as far back as the 13th century, when documents mention masked men throwing scented eggs at ladies. Most masks get a C or D, however we usually don't post them. History of T&T’s Carnival. Mickey, 1664 A: Many of the photos sent to the Mask Man are of masks found in thrift shops. You can see this African influence in their music, dance, costumes and masks. The Careta Mask . African masks are also used in the Mas or Masquerade of the Caribbean Carnival. I have looked through copious research material– libraries and galleries, online, etc. People used to wear the Body Mask along with a matching face mask; the Body Mask, also known as Belly Mask was carved out from tree trunks. How much do we really know about the cluster of islands we call the Caribbean? If you find a moment please look at my mask collection. By the beginning of the 18th century, there were already a large number of free … Laura Leddy Turner began her writing career in 1976. It seems to be a very niche area. BARBADOS: CROP OVER MASQUERADE MASKS. At the end of the century, with the French conquest of the Republic first and the Austrian occupation later, the tradition of wearing masks was forbidden, and the carnival survived, even though reduced, only in some island of the lagoon. Jankunu parades are also held in Miami and Key West, Florida, and in Knoxville, Tennesee. To access some of our earliest European mask we need to visit France. Any comments would be appreciated. I…, Q: I just found this one and have no idea where it’s from. There is a rich history, culture, language and a lot of hard work and struggle. 1387, This is a beautifully papier mache Vejigante mask that is too expensive to wear in a Ponce or San Juan carnival. One of the masks shown here is steel. If you remember your school lessons you would know that Christopher Columbus “discovered” the island in 1498 and gallantly claimed the land for Spain. One mask that is very important to the Yoruba people of Nigeria is the Gelede mask. Djolé (also known as Jolé or Yolé) is a mask-dance from Temine people in Sierra Leone. For all their gaiety, however, masquerades balls and festivals had strict rules. A lot of time went into making that costume. The Jonkonnu Festival is secular in nature and its performance at Christmas time is merely historical. Vincent, 1544 A: Your thinking in the right direction. Renderings of Venetians in gambling houses show both men and women in white, face-shaped masks known as the Bauta and women in black velvet oval masks known as the Moretta. This one looks like a capuchin monkey and is quite unusual. In its long history Carnival has played a significant role in the … Costumes from this time until the 1930s were very elaborate and were often a way to demonstrate wealth. Masks and mythical characters form an essential part of carnival in the Caribbean. It metamorphosed after contact with indigenous and African influences, as residents used it to make fun of the colonial masters in their elaborate costumes. Masquerade celebrations allowed participants to leave social mores and standing behind. The Caribbean Carnival described here is a celebration of the end of slavery as well as an affirmation of survival. Others are carved wood and much older. I do however find good “tourist” masks and keep them in the collection for their uniqueness and color. You can associate the Caribbean music with other musical styles such as the South American music and Central American music. Ordinary people can afford some them for carnivals and other ceremonies. Separated by Cuba and miles of sea water, you can see why they are different. According to West African custom, masquerade can refer to a performance by masked characters, the performer himself, or the character portrayed by the performer. They were brought here as slaves and are of African descent, as are almost all Caribbeans. Caribbean History. From as early as the beginning of the 18th century masked and costumed performers have paraded the streets of Jamaica most often at Christmas time, but also at state functions, receiving money and food in return for their performances.These photos look very African to me. I have collected mask for a number of years and have come across several unique ones. Carnival showcases some of the best aspects of Caribbean culture. Although the wearing of masks was long associated with the Venetian celebration of carnavale, 18th century artists' paintings show masquerade also was by then regularly used to conceal questionable behavior. in literature and English from Ramapo College of New Jersey, with postgraduate coursework in business law. Apr 25, 2013 - Dominican Republic Masks shows carnival masks and the masks made by Ivan Erickson. Mask Value Code A - high value* B - collectible* C - decorative art D - low value * A and B do not always imply higher dollar value. Carnival masks from Nicaragua can vary a lot, but most of them are made of firm papier mache and the eye holes are…, It comes from the Yare people of Northern Venezuela, close to the Caribbean sea. Masquerade festivals sometimes honored a member of royalty or celebrated a special event. The Ekpe masquerade has its roots in the Nigerian Cross River State and is used in ceremonies accompanied by cultural drama. Please enlarge and look at the detail. African masks come in all different colours, sizes shapes. Apr 25, 2013 - Dominican Republic Masks shows carnival masks and the masks made by Ivan Erickson. Aaron has added several Boruca masks to his wonderful collection. papier mache monsters painted in bright colors. I am currently researching Dominican Republic Festival masks from the 1800s. Technically, many persons classified as Boruca are members of…. I usually don’t publish them because they are poorly made fakes. Masks are hand-painted and assembled by local artisans. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The mainly Spanish, French and English speaking island populations colonised by Europeans from the 16th century still reflect the cultural mix that the Atlantic trade in sugar, spice and slaves provoked. It’s made for serious mask and art collectors. Over time, dances evolved to incorporate both Mayan and Spanish influences. Carnival is where Africa and Europe met in the cauldron of the Caribbean slave system to produce a … (Small ones are for tourists only and therefore less desirable for collecting.) Between … •The Body Mask and Coon Mask were used by people from Tanzania and South Africa respectively. Fang mask used for the ngil ceremony, an inquisitorial search for sorcerers. The masquerade balls of 18th century England were based on the Venetian carnivals and retained an atmosphere of the carnivalesque. Masquerades have always been popular for the sense of freedom and mystery that wearing a mask brings. Almost all these are decorative and sold to the tourist trade. (There are almost a million blacks living in Venezuela.) If you are unfamiliar with his website, you should check it out. TITLE: Boruca Diablo-Mono GENERAL REGION: Latin America COUNTRY: Costa Rica SUBREGION: Reserva Rey Curré, Puntarenas ETHNICITY: Boruca DESCRIPTION: Diablo-Mono (Devil-Monkey) Mask MAKER: Hermes Morales, Rey Curré CEREMONY: Fiesta de los Diablitos AGE: 2009 MAIN MATERIAL: balsa wood OTHER MATERIALS: red pigment from achiote berry; black pigment from wood ash; white pigment from kaolin clay The Boruca people mostly inhabit two reservations in the Puntarenas Province of Costa Rica. It is thought that all of these are symbolic of a type of reversal ritual, which means that regular rules or norms can be broken, ahead of a strict Lenten fast. To fully understand how Carnival as we know it came about, it is imperative to understand the whole history of T&T as a country. Check out the best museums in Caribbean to visit in 2020. One and have no idea of origins, or what it was used for African influence their. Best museums in Caribbean to visit in 2020 this, but you can the. 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