Top of page. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. Ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Ginger belongs to the genus Zingiberand turmeric to Curcuma. The rhizome is brown, with a corky outer layer and pale-yellow scented center. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. The roots of ginger are of two types, fibrous and fleshy. When it comes to plant description, ginger is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows annual stems about 1 meter tall bearing narrow green leaves and yellow flowers. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. The rhizome is considered the most useful part of the plant. Plant Description The cardamom plant is a 2-4 m tall herbaceous perennial with branched subterranean rhizomes from which several leafy shoots arise, forming a clump. The fresh or green ginger refers to the newly harvested ginger with little or no loss in moisture content; this type of ginger is not in hot demand in the international market because of the length of time it takes for the product to dry up. This crop needs rhizomes for vegetative propagation. Internal use of Ginger is best known as a digestive aid and for h�b```�V��B �ae`a�p�����ɠA��I�����~3 �y�.ĩ(� "���@~�ݎ���-w Z �v���K~��w�\�A3�&m��20�?�����n��C�k4�fn�f���5���sB[Wc�/&�F��s����7LzQ;�}�al���ºGn����D\O��0pi�I�bA&�ifB/�5ش�B�\��\�z1�EjOS6��@M63,��6�&eq�#3�#u�����b��+6 ���$}#���y�I[+C���d�rs[(i6�� ����j5C�Q:�]��@��Iߘ;�`jsߖ3;��n�A�f|��.4 q�������g�� ��\i737p8�C�M2�um8p��8�0��,5՟��3 �N�ZF� c�y�|�RxJ�b�� G!���qS�tno6�;�Bh�8��v�Z/�����A�0%5��*��a�涨�3݃z?� ��M����������%��ʄB�J>����Pn����1�@q���Ȝ獣Y߉��(� the plant is not known in the wild, and its exact origin is not clear. Use this Plant Encyclopedia to find inspiration for new landscape designs, planters and containers, raised garden beds, and more. A. Ginger is a perennial root which creeps and increases underground, in tuberous joints; in the spring it sends up from its roots a green reed, like a stalk, 2 feet high, … www.WindcrestOrganics.com Ginger is a rhizome that grows underground from a seed piece (sometimes called the “mother”). PDF | The chemical composition and antioxidant activity (in aqueous and solvent extracts) of Ginger root (Zingiber officinale) were determined. The rhizome is buff coloured, laterally compressed, bearing the use of ginger root as a treatment for dyspepsia and prophylactic against motionsickness (Blumenthal, 1998). Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. Kent D. Kobayashi, Janette McEwen, and Andrew J. Kaufman Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences. stream Farmers can make gold out of it, if they follow the proper farm management practices. Botanical Description Ginger is a perennial plant up to one meter high. h��V�n�8��PE2��Zd%��m�&݅��fl!2eHt���%97ȱ�}X/g8�����P��0/��#��z�W�v@|`�uJ�X8>V�p�r�)XXar�b=�.��A�ݲ0$3���̥I2 �h�u�B���|�1��sJ^�s��y~�cS7����x�md�g��9�vza����U�È�s In the first year, a green, erect reed like stem about 60 cm high grows from this rhizome. Where does the "ginger" belong? The ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial grown as an annual crop. Botanical Information Ginger root Botanical Name Zingiber officinale Common Names Ginger, Jiang, Ardraka, Shunthi Plant Description Ginger originates from India and is now cultivated in many tropi-cal countries. the Zingiberaceae family of plants. Ginger first appeared in the southern parts of the ancient China. )is a creeping perennial on a thick tuberous rhizome, which spreads under ground. in height,. The potato is one of some 150 tuber-bearing species of the genus Solanum (a tuber is the swollen end of an underground stem). The part that is used as spice on the plant itself is the rhizomes or ginger root. A featured ingredient in many Asian dishes, Ginger has a hot, fragrant flavour when used as a kitchen spice. Ginger is in three (3) forms namely: fresh or green ginger, whole dry ginger and split dry ginger. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. h�bbd```b``��� �ID���HV_0{=��L� ����^�VfO��f���"`�� �f1��K��| ��)=Dz�����@�� 2K$�V�"-A*�*�30]�v3#��L�_ W} endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 197 0 obj <>stream �0��6ƥ�>�.�^*Wz�6�n�sv�/1��>�%ؓ�$}l��IV*'�?��ĺ]�I���%p]���F�_W7�������n�.c]�S�+�XC��҅Z��ߪ���B��4YDz�*Baj��0�T���O�dk����en��,�59��K�Ȗ�^��DG�H�ڽ$/� ���$���� dmp����(��4��4�b�b)� �ܷ��z�����<. Ginger is a herb but is often known as a spice, with a strong distinct flavor that can increase the production of saliva. yield of dry ginger is 19-25% of fr esh ginger (Sh asikaran et al, 2008). Ginger is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green flowers. The roots of ginger are of two types, fibrous and fleshy. This crop needs rhizomes for vegetative propagation. Originates from parts of the plant other than radicle. subterranean stalk of a plant that shoots out the root system. 2.2. This root we use as a spice and as medicine since the ancient times. Leafy shoots have a limited life span; the first year is mainly for vegetative growth, the second year for Plant classification has additional groupings that animal classification does not. Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. Safety of Ginger Unfortunately, as with many of the greatly popular herbs, many cautions have crept into the literature that are not well supported by either science or experience. It has a yellowish creeping rootstock, slightly jointed, with thin rootlets from the joints. Where does the "ginger" belong? Plants are generally classified as follows. Ginger flowers have an aromatic smell and the bruised stem a characteristic fragrance, but the root is considered the most useful part of the plant, and must not be used under a year's growth. Generally, only the genus and species are of importance to small scale cultivation. In Western tradition, Ginger is most often used in sweets— gingerbread and ginger snaps being two examples. %PDF-1.4 %���� Botanical: Ginger The root (or more appropriately, rhizome) of the ginger plant has a long history as both a culinary spice and as a medicinal ingredient.Freshly picked, ginger is hot, pungent with an almost spicy intensely aromatic taste reminiscent of both cardamom and chili pepper. The Greeks and Romans thought Ginger came from an Arabian region because it was imported from India across the Red Sea. Ginger is a spice and medicinal plant gaining attention in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. However, it is important to understand how plants are classified on all levels and how they relate to other plants. In both plants the underground stem (rhizome) is the commercial product. ~ There are well over 200 published studies and articles on Ginger, a PDF showing their titles, authors and when and where they were published can be found here. The plant is erect, has many fibrous roots, aerial shoots (pseudostem) with leaves, and the underground stem (rhizome). Ginger Jamaica Yellow Variety Botanical Name and Origin: Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) has its origins in Asia and was introduced by the Spanish to Jamaica in the early ... Table 6: Jamaica’s Total Ginger Imports in 2017 Description kg J$ US$ Country Year Ginger, neither crushed nor … The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses.The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom.Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers … Leek, Allium ampeloprasum, also known as Allium porrum, is a biennial vegetable in the family Liliaceae, grown for its edible bulb and leaves.The plant is a slightly developed bulb attached to a cylindrical stem formed by the overlapping thick, flat leaves. Table 2.2 Shelf life of wild ginger according to respondents 29 Table 2.3 The botanical name, Zulu name, number of respondents and 30 plant ranking according to the number of traditional healers Table 3.1 Effect of harvesting period on yield of wild ginger 42 Table 3.2 Effect of growth structures on yield of wild ginger … Description. Ginger is a tropical plant with a long growing season and the seed is pre-sprouted … BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION Ginger is a species included in the Zingiberaceae family. Curcuma amada is a perennial plant growing around 80cm tall. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. Major genera and species. It is native to tropical south-east Asia and cultivated in the West Indies, Africa and China. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses.The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom.Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers … A solitary bell-shaped flower, dull brown or brownish purple, drooping between the two leaf stems, woolly, the inside darker than the outside and of a satiny texture, the fruit a leathery six-celled capsule. The white, lavender, or purple flowers have five fused petals and yellow stamens. The above ground shoot is erect and reed-like with linear leaves that are arranged alternately on the stem. The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. *��?V�Qj����7[>wa�Pz��vR:��K��b��c���5��g�6��� �Q��W9�~�e���FO���Nj�/{Pp(�� A{��""�o^�/�!���. <> Ginger History - Origin and Regional Uses of Ginger. Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. x��=ko]�q�$�2%P"�Hb$��tl�+��}�q�TI�y���`�S�( r�?Н}���E�_j��������ή� ���0ÿ��/o���l���Ͼ/~����}; ���~�Ƶ��2-zx�}�������`���޼��n�����O�>������F�&Ň7�w�o�k��7���ϓk���RFr��.���r �y��£���` ���؎n�y��܌�̊\߷�[.�5v�K�o;[_.ml�? The plant can produce clusters of white, pink or purple flowers and blue-black seeds in the second year. Ginger is grown throughout South Eastern Asia, China and in parts of Japan, Austria, L atin America, Jamaica and Africa. Fk; Physical description. 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